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TB treatment initiation among diagnosed

Export Indicator

Percentage of people living with HIV newly initiated on ART and diagnosed with active TB who initiated TB treatment
What it measures

This indicator measures the percentage of people living with HIV newly initiated on ART and, having screened positive for TB symptoms and had appropriate TB diagnostic testing that confirmed a diagnosis of active TB disease, who then initiated TB treatment.

Rationale
  • Once active TB disease is diagnosed, it is essential that TB treatment is promptly initiated and that quality clinical monitoring is provided (according to national clinical guidelines) to ensure treatment completion.
  • It is important to understand the cascade from screening to treatment of active TB disease (see Fig. 3.2); this indicator will highlight any limitations between diagnosis and treatment.
  • This is the fifth of five "screening cascade" indicators considered priority for high burden TB/HIV settings.
Numerator

Number of people living with HIV newly initiated on ART who were diagnosed with TB and who started treatment for active TB disease

Denominator

Number of people living with HIV newly initiated on ART who were diagnosed with active TB disease

Method of measurement

For the numerator and denominator. Programme records (for example, ART registers, EMRs)

Disaggregation
  • Gender (male, female, transgender)
  • Age (<15, 15+).
Further information