Migrants: Condom Use
Progress in preventing sexual transmission of HIV among migrants from countries with generalized HIV epidemics.
Migrants from countries with generalized HIV epidemics are disproportionately affected by HIV in many countries of Europe. There is some evidence of ongoing transmission of HIV among migrants from countries with generalized HIV epidemics in the host countries. The risk of HIV transmission can be substantially reduced through consistent and correct condom use. This indicator is a regional adaptation of the general population indicator 1.4 in the UNAIDS Guidelines on Construction of Core Indicators: 2012 Reporting.
Number of migrants from countries with generalized HIV epidemics who reported having had more than one sexual partner in the last 12 months who also reported that a condom was used the last time they had sexual intercourse.
Number of migrants from countries with generalized HIV epidemics who reported having had more than one sexual partner in the last 12 months.
Numerator / Denominator
Special surveys for the numerator and denominator.
Respondents are asked whether or not they have ever had sexual intercourse and, if yes, they are asked:
1. In the last 12 months, how many different people have you had sexual intercourse with?
If more than one, the respondent is asked:
2. Did you or your partner use a condom the last time you had sexual intercourse?
Every 3-5 years
Age group: < (less than) 25 years, > (greater than) 25 years
Gender: Male, Female
Condoms are most effective when their use is consistent, rather than occasional. The current indicator will provide an overestimate of the level of consistent condom use. However, the alternative method of asking whether condoms are always/sometimes/never used in sexual intercourse in a specified period is subject to greater recall bias. Furthermore, condom use in the most recent sexual act will generally reflect the trend in condom use.
This indicator asks about sex in the past twelve months. If you have data available on another time period, such as the last 3 or 6 months, please include this additional data in the comments section of the reporting tool.
To maximize the utility of data, it is recommended that the same sample used for the calculation of this indicator be used for the calculation of the other indicators related to these populations.
ECDC (2010) Implementing the Dublin Declaration on Partnership to Fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and central Asia: 2010 Progress Report Section 2.5 Migrants pp. 105-121. http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/1009_SPR_Dublin_decla....
As for all indicators related to monitoring the Dublin Declaration on Partnership to Fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and central Asia, where a country does not have data for the indicator specified but has data for a similar indicator, the country is welcome to submit such data when reporting. When submitting alternate data, please provide as much detail as possible as to what information is being supplied. More questions related to the qualitative assessment of migrants are included in the ECDC supplement NCPI questionnaire.